Chilli is a commercial crop grown in India. It is used in India as principle ingredient in Indian cuisine. Chilli is valued principally for its high pungency and colour.
India is the world’s biggest producer, consumer and exporter of chili.
Though chilli is grown in almost all the States of India, mostly it is grown in Andhra Pradesh (46%), Karnataka (15%), Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Indian Chilli can be grown during the entire year in one or the other part of the country.
It grows on a wide variety of soils in tropical and sub-tropical climate with warm and humid weather condition. Though, Chilli is grown in different soils, black soils are suitable for rain fed crop while well drained soils, delta soils and sandy loams are better suited for irrigated crop.
Chilli is cultivated in India in both Kharif and Rabi crop seasons. Sowing of Chilli for the Kharif crop season takes place between July and August while for the Rabi season, Chilli is sown over October and November.