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History of Tobacco Cultivation

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History of Tobacco Cultivation in India

Columbus discovered America and tobacco in 1492 in his effort to find a direct sea-route to India, which was at that time the sole supplier of some essential commodities required by European countries. One of the traveling teams that visited South America and India introduced tobacco into India in the year 1508.

Tobacco Cultivation in India

Today, tobacco is one of the major commercial crops grown in India. Various types of tobaccos are cultivated in India for use in tobacco products such as Cigarette, Bidi, Cigar, Cheroot, Hookah, Chewing and Snuff etc. Following are the tobacco varieties grown in different parts of the country:

Types of Tobacco States
FCV Tobacco Andhra Pradesh, Telangana & Karnataka
Bidi Tobacco Gujarat, Nipani area of Karnataka, Maharashtra & Andhra Pradesh
Cigar & Cheroot Tamil Nadu & West Bengal
Hookah Tobacco Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh & Gujarat
Chewing & Snuff Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat & Madhya Pradesh
Natu, Burley, Lanka
& HDBRG etc.
Andhra Pradesh, Telangana & Karnataka

Even though the cultivation of tobacco is spread all over the country, the commercial cultivation of tobacco is concentrated in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Telengana, Karnataka, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bihar, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.